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Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection that penetrates into the gums and into the bone around your teeth, causing inflammation. Periodontal inflammation leads to bone loss and possibly tooth loss and may contribute to other medical conditions.

The periodontal infection must be treated and the area given a chance to heal. There are generally two levels of treatment for this condition depending upon the severity of your infection.

Nonsurgical Treatment

The upper level of infection in the pockets around your teeth can be removed using specialized instruments. This procedure is called, “Scaling and Root Planing."  It is done under local anesthesia and is quite different from the routine dental cleaning that is traditionally done in the general dentist's office.

Scaling and Root Planing
Scaling: The hygienist first removes the upper level of infected calculus. Root Planing: Next, she smooths the root to reduce the ability of new bacteria to adhere.

Surgical Treatment

If your infection has spread into the bone that supports your teeth and is beyond the level that can be reached with Scaling and Root Planing, then a surgical procedure must be performed to provide access to treat the deep pockets.

When periodontal disease reaches this level, it damages the bone around the teeth and can lead to bone loss. Once the infection has been removed, we repair the damaged area with a procedure called Bone Grafting.

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